Readers ask: According To Rachels, Ethics And Science Are What?

What is cultural relativism according to Rachels?

Another premise of cultural relativism, which follows from the first, is that we cannot objectively judge any one society’s moral code to be superior to the moral code of another society. Rachels refers to this as the “ Cultural Differences Argument” (58).

Why does Rachels say that the divine command theory provides an implausible account of ethics for those who are believers in God?

Why does Rachels say that the divine command theory provides an implausible account of ethics, especially for believers? If believers accept the Divine Command Theory it would mean that God has qualities that are inconsistent with their own idea of God.

What is morality according to James Rachels?

At the end of his discussion of these moral problems Rachels offers this definition of morality, ” Morality is, at the very least, the effort to guide one’s conduct by reason––that is, to do what there are the best reasons for doing––while giving equal weight to the interests of each individual who will be affected by

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What are the premises of the cultural differences argument according to Rachels Why is there less disagreement among cultures than it seems?

Why does Rachels think that there is less disagreement between cultures than there seems to be? While each culture has their own customs, they usually reflect the same morals. For example, two different cultures have customs when it comes to handling the dead but both customs have the end goal of respecting them.

Is cultural relativism good or bad?

The idea of Cultural Relativism, as stated above, is appealing and a good scapegoat for the idea of what is moral. Based off of each individual society, certain acts are considered good while others are considered evil. If one abnormal travels to another culture, they could be considered moral.

Why is cultural relativism dangerous?

Accepting this moral wrong because of moral relativism based on culture is dangerous as it leads to indifference. If we cannot judge and moral rightness depends on certain cultures, then “anything goes”. Moral relativism leads to moral paralysis and indifference.

What is the divine perfection argument?

What is the divine perfection argument? If the Divine command theory is true, then a morally perfect God could have created a perfect world that required us to rape, steal, and kill. 2. A morally perfect God couldn’t issue such commands and anyone who did so would be morally imperfect.

Does morality come from God?

God approves of right actions because they are right and disapproves of wrong actions because they are wrong ( moral theological objectivism, or objectivism). So, morality is independent of God’s will; however, since God is omniscient He knows the moral laws, and because He’s moral, He follows them.

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What is meant by divine command theory is it true?

Roughly, Divine Command Theory is the view that morality is somehow dependent upon God, and that moral obligation consists in obedience to God’s commands. Given this, the arguments offered for and against Divine Command Theory have both theoretical and practical importance.

What is benefit argument?

The Benefits Argument 1. If we can benefit someone, without harming anyone else, we ought to do so. 2. Transplanting the organs would benefit the other children without harming Baby Theresa. _________________________________________

What is morality ethics?

Morality is the system through which we determine right and wrong conduct — i.e., the guide to good or right conduct. Ethics is the philosophical study of Morality.

What morality means?

Morality refers to the set of standards that enable people to live cooperatively in groups. It’s what societies determine to be “right” and “acceptable.” Sometimes, acting in a moral manner means individuals must sacrifice their own short-term interests to benefit society.

What is cultural differences argument?

The Cultural Differences Argument is the following: Different cultures have different moral codes. Therefore, there is no objective “truth” in morality. Right and wrong are only matters of opinion and opinions vary from culture to culture.

How does culture affect your behavior?

If culture fosters a more extroverted personality style, we can expect more need for social interaction. Additionally, Individualistic cultures foster more assertive and outspoken behavior. When the general population encourages these gregarious behaviors, more ideas are exchanged and self-esteem increases.

Why is the cultural differences argument unsound?

cultural differences argument – different cultures have different moral beliefs so there is no absolute truth with regard to moral beliefs. however, because different cultures have different geographical beliefs, there is no absolute truth with regard to geographical beliefs. this makes the argument invalid.

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