Quick Answer: What Does Mitochondria Mean In Science?

What is mitochondria in simple words?

Mitochondria (sing. mitochondrion ) are organelles, or parts of a eukaryote cell. They are in the cytoplasm, not the nucleus. They make most of the cell’s supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that cells use as a source of energy. This means mitochondria are known as “the powerhouse of the cell”.

What is Mitochondria definition for kids?

Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respiration.

What words describe mitochondria?

Here are some adjectives for mitochondria: specifically neuronal, no-good, two-bit, neuronal, cortical, no-good, two-bit, real-life, cellular, ancestral, tiniest, maternal, dreadful, distant, entire, human. You can get the definitions of these adjectives by clicking on them.

What are the three functions of mitochondria?

1. to perform cellular respiration. 2.to form A.T.P. 3.to oxidise the food to provide energy to the cell..

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What is the common name of mitochondria?

Mitochondria is also called chondrosome. These are the scientific names for a cell organell. It is responsible for cell respiration ( process which produces energy) that’s why it is also called as “power house of cell”.

What food is good for mitochondria?

At the end of the day, the mitochondria generation requires magnesium. Give your cells the fuel they need with these foods. Magnesium

  • Almonds. A cup of almonds provides around 20% of the RDA for magnesium.
  • Spinach.
  • Avocado.
  • Bananas.

What is mitochondria and its function?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles ( mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Where is mitochondria found?

Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.

Why are the mitochondria important?

Present in nearly all types of human cell, mitochondria are vital to our survival. They generate the majority of our adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of the cell. Mitochondria are also involved in other tasks, such as signaling between cells and cell death, otherwise known as apoptosis.

How do mitochondria produce ATP?

Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate ( ATP ). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

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What is the diagram of mitochondria?

Mitochondria are a double-membrane-bound cell organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms. In all living cells, these cell organelles are found freely floating within the cytoplasm of the cell. The diagram of Mitochondria is useful for both Class 10 and 12.

Which cells have the most mitochondria?

What cells have the most mitochondria? A. Your heart muscle cells – with about 5,000 mitochondria per cell. These cells need more energy, so they contain more mitochondria than any other organ in the body!

What are the five functions of mitochondria?

5 Roles Mitochondria Play in Cells

  • Production of ATP. Perhaps the most well-known role of mitochondria is the production of ATP, the energy currency of cells.
  • Calcium Homeostasis.
  • Regulation of Innate Immunity.
  • Programmed Cell Death.
  • Stem Cell Regulation.

What is mitochondria class 9th?

Mitochondria are round “tube-like” organelles that provide energy to a cell in the form of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) for performing different chemical activities for the sustainance of life. Fig. Structure of mitochondria. The mitochondria is also called powerhouse of the cell.

What is the role of mitochondria in respiration?

Mitochondria have an important role in cellular respiration through the production of ATP, using chemical energy found in glucose and other nutrients. Mitochondria are also responsible for generating clusters of iron and sulfur, which are important cofactors of many enzymes.

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