Quick Answer: What Does Latitude Mean In Science?

What is the meaning of latitude and longitude?

Both longitude and latitude are angles measured with the center of the earth as an origin. A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east ( longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator ( latitudes to the south are negative).

What is latitude in biology?

(Science: geography) distance north or south of the equator, measured on a meridian. Low latitude, that part of the earth’s surface which is near the equator.

What is difference between latitude and longitude?

Lines of latitude run horizontally around the Earth and tell you how far north or south you are from the Equator. Latitude degrees with a – sign indicate a location in the southern hemisphere and degrees with a positive number are located in the northern hemisphere. Lines of longitude run from pole to pole.

What are some examples of latitude?

Examples of important latitude lines/parallels include:

  • Equator: 0 degrees of latitude.
  • Arctic Circle: is 66.5 degrees north.
  • Antarctic Circle: 66.5 degrees south.
  • Tropic of Capricorn: 23.4 degrees south.
  • Tropic of Cancer: 23.4 degrees north.
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What are the two lines of latitude?

Major Lines of Latitude (or Parallels ) The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle.

What is called longitude?

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Degrees of longitude are divided into 60 minutes.

What is important latitude?

These lines allow you to quickly and accurately locate places and features on the earth’s surface. Latitude and longitude also play an important role in determining times and dates.” Latitude: Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run in an east-west (side-to-side) direction around the earth.

How latitude is calculated?

Using the protractor, measure the smaller angle between the beam and the plumb line. If the sun is directly over the Equator, this is your latitude reading. The angle to measure when using the sun or North Star. Note that the horizon is always 90º to the plumb line.

What degree is latitude?

One degree of latitude equals approximately 364,000 feet (69 miles), one minute equals 6,068 feet (1.15 miles), and one-second equals 101 feet. One- degree of longitude equals 288,200 feet (54.6 miles), one minute equals 4,800 feet (0.91 mile), and one second equals 80 feet.

What is difference of latitude?

[′dif·rəns əv ′lad·ə‚tüd] (geodesy) The shorter arc of any meridian between the parallels of two places, expressed in angular measure.

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Where is 180 degrees longitude?

The International Date Line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway round the world from the prime meridian—the zero degrees longitude established in Greenwich, England, in 1852.

Are there 181 latitudes?

There are 90 latitudes to the north of equator and 90 latitudes to the south of the equator. Counting the equator there are 90+90+1= 181 latitudes.

Who invented longitude and latitude?

Hipparchus, a Greek astronomer (190–120 BC), was the first to specify location using latitude and longitude as co-ordinates. He proposed a zero meridian passing through Rhodes.

What is the most important line of latitude?

The most important line of latitude is the Equator (0°). Latitude lines are written using the letters N (north of the Equator ) or S (south of the Equator ).

How do you write longitude and latitude?

Write the latitude and longitude coordinates. When writing latitude and longitude, write latitude first, followed by a comma, and then longitude. For example, the above lines of latitude and longitude would be written as “15°N, 30°E.”

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